diumenge, 15 de novembre de 2015

that higher sense of humor is related to greater subjective satisfaction with health but not with more objec- tive indicators of health status. These findings may help to explain the popularity of the idea that humor is beneficial for one's health. People with a greater sense of humor may perceive themselves to be healthier, showing less concern and preoccupation with symptoms of illness, even though they are not objectively healthier. Thus, although the direction of causality is unclear in correlational research such as this, it may be that humor contributes to one's quality of life without making one physically healthier. HUMOR AND LONGEVITY If humor has beneficial effects on physical health, then it should be possible to demonstrate that, on average, people who more frequently engage in humor and laughter tend to live longer than their less humorous counterparts. Indeed, this would seem to be the most important test of the humor-health hypothesis. Although one could still argue that frequently engaging in humor and laughter can at least improve the quality if not the duration of life, it is difficult to see how claims for actual physical health benefits of humor can be sustained if it does not prolong life. Unfortunately, the research evidence in this regard, although limited, is not very encouraging. JOKES AND THEIR RELATION TO THE UNCONSCIOUS Sigmund Freud noticed that humor, like dreams, can be related to unconscious content.[1] In the 1905 book The Joke and Its Relation to the Unconscious (German: Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewußten), as well as in the 1928 journal article Humor, Freud distinguished contentious jokes[2] from non-contentious or silly humor. In fact, he sorted humor into three categories that could be translated as: joke, comic, and mimetic.[WHAT THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TUBE OF GLUE AND THE ELDER LOPES - YOU MIGHT CONSIDER SNIFFING A TUBE OF GLUE BUT......The Ultimate Essex Girl Joke List Q. What's the difference between a Walrus and an Essex Girl? A. One is wet, has a moustache and smells of fish - the other is a walrus. Q. What's the difference between an Essex man and an Essex girl? A. The Essex girl has a higher sperm count. Q. What does an Essex girl say after having sex ? A. What team do you guys play for? Q. What's the difference between Gorbachev and an Essex girl? A. Gorby knows the names of the eight people that fucked him! Q. What do Essex girls use for protection during sex? A. Bus Shelters. Q. How does an Essex girl turn the light out after sex? A. She shuts the Cortina's door. Q. How do you make an Essex girl's eyes sparkle? A. Shine a torch into her ear. Q. How can you tell if an Essex girl is having a bad day? A. Her tampon is behind her ear and she can't find her pencil. Q. Why does an Essex girl wear knickers? A. To keep her ankles warm. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and an ironing board? A. Occasionally you have trouble getting the legs apart on an ironingboard. Q. What is the difference between a supermarket trolley and an Essex girl? A. A supermarket trolley has a mind of its own. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and the titanic? A. You know how many men went down on the titanic. Q. Why is an Essex girl like an old washing machine? A. They both drip when fucked. Q. Why do Essex girls use tampons with long strings? A. So the crabs can go bungy jumping. Q. How do you know when an Essex girl's had an orgasm? A. She drops her bag of chips. Q. What does an Essex girl do with her cunt after sex? A. She takes him down the pub. Q. What do an Essex girl and President Gorbachev have in common? A. They both get fucked by eight men while on holiday. Q. How many Essex girls does it take to make a chocolate chip cookie? A. Five. One to stir the mixture and four to peel the smarties. Q. What's the similarity between an Essex girl and a dog's turd? A. The older they get, the easier they are to pick up! Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a washing machine? A. You can dump your load in a washing machine without it following you around whining for a week. Q. Why are Essex girls only allowed 30 minute lunch breaks? A. It takes too long to retrain them if they take an hour. Q. Why was the Essex girl so pleased to complete a jigsaw puzzle in 18 months? A. Because the box said "From 2 to 5 years" Q. What does an Essex girl say after her doctor tells her that she's pregnant. A. Is it mine? Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a fridge? A. A fridge doesn't fart when you take your meat out. Q. What do you call an Essex girl with an IQ of 150? A. Basildon Q. What's the similarity between Essex girls and carpenters? A: They both have saws in their box Q. How do you make an Essex girl laugh on a Saturday? A. Tell her a joke on a Wednesday. Q. Why does an Essex girl drool? A. Because she is full. Q. What's the first three things an Essex girl does in the morning? 1: Says "Thanks guys... " 2: Introduces herself. 3: Goes home. Q. How do you tell when an Essex girl is having her period? A. She's only wearing one sock. Q. What's the difference between a computer and an Essex girl? A. You only have to punch information once into a computer. Q. If an Essex girl and a Surrey girl jump out of an aeroplane at the same time, which one would hit the ground first? A. The Surrey girl; the Essex girl would have to stop to ask directions. Q. Why is it good to have an Essex girl passenger? A. You can park in the handicapped spots. Q. What's the similarity between Robert Maxwell and Essex Girls ? A. Both go down in Tenerife. Q. What does the label in an Essex girls knickers say? A. NEXT! Q. Why do Essex girls wear green lipstick? A. Red means stop. Q. Why do Essex girls wear so much hair spray? A. So they can catch all the things going over their heads. Q. Why don't you let Essex girls take coffee breaks. A. It takes too long to retrain them. Q. Why do Essex girls wear hoop earrings? A. So they'll have someplace to rest their ankles. Q. What is the difference between Bigfoot and an intelligent Essex girl? A. There have actually been sightings of Bigfoot. Q. What does it mean if you see an Essex girl with square boobs? A. She forgot to take the Kleenex out of the box. Q. How do you drown an Essex girl? A. Don't tell her to swallow. Q. How do you plant dope? A. Bury an Essex girl. Q. What do Essex girls and computers have in common? A. You don't know what you are missing until they go down on you. Q. What did the Essex girl say after the guy blew her in the ear? A. Thanks for the refill. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and the Panama Canal? A. One's a busy ditch..... Q. Why do Essex girls write TGIF on their shoes? A. Toes Go In First. Q. Why do Essex girls like tilt steering wheels? A. More head room. Q. Why don't Essex girls like pickles? A. They can't get their head in the jar. Q. What do you call six Essex girls in a row? A. A wind tunnel. Q. What do you call a Surrey girl between two Essex girls? A. An interpreter. Q. What's the first thing an Essex girl does in the morning? A. Goes home. Q. What is the difference between an Essex Girl and a Cream Egg A. It costs 20p to lick out a cream egg! Q. What's the mating call of an Essex girl? A. Gosh, I'm so drunk! Q. What's the mating call of a Surrey girl? A. Are all the Essex girls gone? Q. What do you call an Essex girl with half a brain? A. Gifted! Q. How is an Essex girl like a beer bottle? A. They are both empty from the neck up. Q. What do you call an Essex girl with a whole brain? A. A Golden Retriever! Q. Why is an Essex girl like a turtle? A. They both get fucked when they're on their back. Q. How do you kill an Essex girl? A. Put spikes in their shoulder pads. Q. Why do Essex girls work seven days a week? A. So you don't have to retrain them on Monday. Q. Why do Essex girls wear shoulder pads? A. (With a rocking of the head from side to side) I dunno! Q. How do Essex girls pierce their ears? A. They put tacks in their shoulder pads. Q. How many Essex girls does it take to change a lightbulb? A1: "What's a lightbulb?" A2: One. She holds the bulb and the world revolves around her. A3: Two. One to hold the Diet Pepsi, and one to call, "Daddy!" Q. How do Essex girl braincells die? A. Alone. Q. Why do Essex girls wear red lipstick? A. Because red means "Stop, wrong hole." Q. Why do Essex girls have TGIF on their shirts? A. Tits Go In Front. Q. What does an Essex girl put behind her ears to make her more attractive? A. Her ankles. Q. What do you say to an Essex girl that won't give in? A. "Have another beer." Q. What's an Essex girl's favourite wine? A. "Daaaady, I want to go to Istudioa!" Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a Porsche? A. You don't lend the Porsche out to your friends. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a toilet? A. A toilet won't follow you around when you've dumped in it. Q. Why do Essex girls wash their hair in the sink? A. Because that's where you wash vegetables! Q. What do you call an Essex girl with a pound coin on the top of her head? A. All you can eat, under a quid. Q. How does an Essex girl part her hair? A. (Action of scissoring legs apart). Q. How do you get an Essex girl to marry you? A. Tell her she's pregnant. Q. Why did the Essex girl scale the glass wall? A. To see what was on the other side. Q. What do you do if an Essex girl throws a grenade at you? A. Catch it, pull out the pin and throw it back. Q. What do you see when you peer into an Essex girl's eyes? A. The back of her head. Q. Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy, a dumb Essex girl, and a smart Essex girl are walking down the street when they spot a $10 bill. Who picks it up? A. The dumb Essex girl. Q. Why? A. There is no such thing as Santa Claus, the tooth fairy, or a smart Essex girl. Q. How does an Essex girl like her eggs in the morning? A. Fertilised. Q. How do you confuse an Essex girl? A. You don't. They're born that way. Q. Why did the deaf Essex girl sit on a newspaper? A. So she could lip read. Q. What do you call an Essex girl lesbian? A. A waste. Q. Did you hear about the Essex girl lesbian? A. She kept having affairs with men! Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a bowling ball? A. You can only get three fingers in a bowling ball . Q. Why did the Essex girl stop using the pill? A. It kept falling out. Q. But why do Surrey girls take the pill ? A. Wishful Thinking. Q. Why don't Essex girls use vibrators? A. They chip their teeth. Q. Why aren't there many Essex girl gymnasts? A. When they do the splits they stick to the floor . Q. Why do Essex girl girls have trouble achieving orgasm? A. Who cares? Q. What did the Essex girl say when asked "ever been picked up by the fuzz?" A. "No, but I've been swung around by the tits." Q. How are a bowling ball and an Essex girl alike? A1: You can pick them up, stick your fingers in them, and throw them in the gutter and they'll always come back. A2: They're both round and have three holes to poke. A3: You can only get 3 fingers in a bowling ball . Q. How did the Essex girl try to kill the bird? A. She threw it off a cliff. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a limousine? A. Not everybody has been in a limo. Q. What do you say to an Essex girl with no arms or legs? A. "Nice tits!" Q. How does an Essex girl interpret 6.9? A. 69 interrupted by a period. Q. What do a Ford Escort door and an Essex girl have in common? A. The more you bang them, the looser they get. Q. How do you brainwash an Essex girl? A. Giver her a douche and shake her upside-down . Q. What do you call 15 Essex girls in a circle? A. A dope ring. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl wife and your job? A. Your job still sucks after 6 months. Q. What's the irritating part around an Essex girl's vagina? A. The Essex girl! Q. How do you describe an Essex girl surrounded by drooling idiots? A. Flattered. Q. Why did the Essex girl drown in the pool? A. Someone stuck a scratch & sniff at the bottom. Q. What's the difference between an Essex girl and a terrorist? A. You can negotiate with a terrorist. Q. What is the worst thing about having sex with an Essex girl? A. Bucket seats. Q. What do Essex girls do for foreplay? A. Remove their underwear. Q. Why do Essex girls put their hair in ponytails? A. To cover up the valve stem. Q. Why did the Essex girl go halfway to Norway then turn around and come home? A. It took her that long to figure out a 14 inch Viking was a TV set. Q. What did the Essex girl name her pet zebra? A. Spot. Q. How do you get an Essex girl pregnant? A. Come in her shoes and let the flies do the rest. Q. What did the Essex girl customer say to the buxom waitress (reading her nametag)? A. "Debbie... that's cute. What did you name the other one?" Q. What do you call a fly buzzing inside an Essex girl's head? A. A Space Invader. Q. What is an Essex girl's favourite rock group? A. Air Supply Q. Why did the Essex girl have a bruised navel? A. Her boyfriend's from Essex too. Q. Why did God create Essex girls? A. Because sheep can't bring beer from the fridge . Q. Why do Essex girls have one more brain cell than a cow? A. So when you pull their tits, they don't shit on the floor.

HOW I SPOKE THE WORD

FRANK L. STANTON


The snow come down in sheets of white
An' made the pine trees shiver;
'Peared like the world had said good night
An' crawled beneath the kiver.

The river's shiny trail wuz gone—
The winds sung out a warnin';
The mountains put their nightcaps on
An' said: "Good-by till mornin'!"

'Twuz jest the night in fiel' an' wood
When cabin homes look cozy,
An' fine oak fires feel mighty good,
An' women's cheeks look rosy.

An' that remin's me. We wuz four,
A-settin' by the fire;
But still it 'peared ten mile or more
Betwixt me an' Maria!

"No, sir!" (I caught that eye of his,
An' then I fit and floundered!)
"The thing I want to tell you is—"
[Pg 1726]

Says he: "The old mare's foundered?"

"No, sir! it ain't about no hoss!"
(My throat begin to rattle!)
"I see," he said, "another loss
In them fine Jersey cattle!"

An' then I lost my patience! Then
I hollered high and higher
(You could 'a' heard me down the glen):
"No, sir! I want Maria!"

"An' now," says I, "the shaft'll strike:
He'll let that statement stay so!"
He looked at me astonished-like,
Then yelled: "Why didn't you say so?"

[Pg 1727]




In Freud's view, jokes (the verbal and interpersonal form of humor) happened when the conscious allowed the expression of thoughts that society usually suppressed or forbade. The superego allowed the ego to generate humor.A benevolent superego allowed a light and comforting type of humor, while a harsh superego created a biting and sarcastic type of humor A very harsh superego suppressed humor altogether.
Freud’s humor theory, like most of his ideas, was based on a dynamic among id, ego, and super-ego. The commanding superego would impede the ego from seeking pleasure for the id, or to momentarily adapt itself to the demands of reality,[2] a mature coping method. Moreover, Freud (1960)[3] followed Herbert Spencer's ideas of energy being conserved, bottled up, and then released like so much steam venting to avoid an explosion. Freud was imagining psychic or emotional energy, and this idea is now thought of as the relief theory of laughter.
Later, Freud re-turned his attention to humor noting that not everyone is capable of formulating humor.[3][4]

THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF HUMOR

If jokes let out forbidden thoughts and feelings that the conscious mind usually suppressed in deference to society,[1][3][5] there was an interaction between unconscious drives and conscious thoughts.
Mimetic, on the other hand, was a process involving two different representations of the body in our mind. For example, in the phrase “Their hearts are in the right place,” the heart has two representations. One is, of course, anatomical while the other is a metaphorical reference to caring and meaning well.

TENDENTIOUS JOKES

Tendentious jokes are jokes that have to contain lust, hostility or both.

NON-TENDENTIOUS JOKES

The comic meant applying “to one and the same act of ideation, two different ideational methods” (Freud, 1905, 300; as cited in 
 William Shakespeare’s Falstaff would be an example of Freud's "comic," generating laughter by expressing previously repressed inhibition.

 An upset American says at Sunday School: "Roosevelt is my Shepherd; I am in want. He makes me to lie down on park benches; he leads me in the paths of destruction for His party's sake".

CRITICISM

It has been claimed that Freud's division is artificial and not very clear.[4][8] According to Altman (2006)[8] these divisions are more semantic than functional. Hence, all three types of humor may be the result of the dynamic of theconscious and unconscious.[4][8] For example, hate and anger can be hidden by a false sense of love and compassion, which could be the opposite of what was meant, and which could formulate a joke


1 comentari:

  1. The hoss he is a splendud beast;
    He is man's friend, as heaven desined,
    And, search the world from west to east,
    No honester you'll ever find!

    Some calls the hoss "a pore dumb brute,"
    And yit, like Him who died fer you,
    I say, as I theyr charge refute,
    "'Fergive; they know not what they do!'"

    No wiser animal makes tracks
    Upon these earthly shores, and hence
    Arose the axium, true as facts,
    Extoled by all, as "Good hoss-sense!"

    The hoss is strong, and knows his stren'th,—
    You hitch him up a time er two
    And lash him, and he'll go his len'th
    And kick the dashboard out fer you!

    But, treat him allus good and kind,
    And never strike him with a stick,
    Ner aggervate him, and you'll find
    [Pg 1760]He'll never do a hostile trick.

    A hoss whose master tends him right
    And worters him with daily care,
    Will do your biddin' with delight,
    And act as docile as you air.

    He'll paw and prance to hear your praise,
    Because he's learn't to love you well;
    And, though you can't tell what he says,
    He'll nicker all he wants to tell.

    He knows you when you slam the gate
    At early dawn, upon your way
    Unto the barn, and snorts elate,
    To git his corn, er oats, er hay.

    He knows you, as the orphant knows
    The folks that loves her like theyr own,
    And raises her and "finds" her clothes,
    And "schools" her tel a womern-grown!

    I claim no hoss will harm a man,
    Ner kick, ner run away, cavort,
    Stump-suck, er balk, er "catamaran,"
    Ef you'll jest treat him as you ort.

    But when I see the beast abused,
    And clubbed around as I've saw some,
    I want to see his owner noosed,
    And jest yanked up like Absolum!

    Of course they's differunce in stock,—
    A hoss that has a little yeer,
    And slender build, and shaller hock,
    [Pg 1761]Can beat his shadder, mighty near!

    Whilse one that's thick in neck and chist
    And big in leg and full in flank,
    That tries to race, I still insist
    He'll have to take the second rank.

    And I have jest laid back and laughed,
    And rolled and wallered in the grass
    At fairs, to see some heavy-draft
    Lead out at first, yit come in last!

    Each hoss has his appinted place,—
    The heavy hoss should plow the soil;—
    The blooded racer, he must race,
    And win big wages fer his toil.

    I never bet—ner never wrought
    Upon my feller-man to bet—
    And yit, at times, I've often thought
    Of my convictions with regret.

    I bless the hoss from hoof to head—
    From head to hoof, and tale to mane!—
    I bless the hoss, as I have said,
    From head to hoof, and back again!

    I love my God the first of all,
    Then Him that perished on the cross,
    And next, my wife,—and then I fall
    Down on my knees and love the hoss.

    ResponElimina