dilluns, 11 de juliol de 2016

Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori EGO-PATRIOTISM. Self- preservation finds expression in some cases in the herd-instinct. The latter is akin to patriotism, but patriotism as generally found at present amongst civilised nations is such an artificially elaborated variety of the herd-instinct . Self-Preservation and Race-Preservation Fundamental Laws Love of Self, Family, Village, Town and Country "What Lancashire thinks to-day, England will think to- morrow" Pride in Your Children Showing the Sights Richmond Hill, Napoleon's Tomb, Chicago Slaughter- Houses -Unselfish Love of Town and Fellow-Townsmen Self -Satisfaction and Self-Glorification True Patriotism Charles Dickens, a true Patriot Standards of Morality for Self and Country Ego-Patriotism and the Ego-Patriot The Telephone and the "Fernsprecher" Bringing Mankind Together The Tide of Historic Fact Bicycle and Sunday Observance The Metric System The Hate of the Ego- Patriot Hatred and Atavism The Inferior Races The Opium War The East-End Opium Smuggler The Poor Chinaman True and Spurious Patriotism Intolerance and True Religion God-inspired Religion Truth and Faith The Opinion of Others Statesmen and Education based on Truth Children and Truth Parents and Truth News- papers and Truth Under-Secretaries and Truth Religious 'Wars Force no Remedy When Wars Will End A Patriot's Endeavour A Nation that follows Christ's Precepts Christian Countries Penn and the Indian Tribes Firing over the Bodies of Yesternight France's True Strength Her Immortal Army of Invasion Esprit Francois Intolerance and the Majority of Christians The Cult of the Big Stick An Enlightened State So-called Civilised Nations Let Rulers Keep the Country's Name Unsoiled for One Generation The Influence of a Man of Character Confucius and the State of Lu Fear of Too Good a Neighbour England and True PatriotsJudicial Murder of George William Gordon Women Flogged Houses Burned The Government will not prosecute Which is worse, judicial or common murder? Effect of Example set by State Capital Punishment A Vale of Tears for Little Angels Slum Owners and Patriots

Ego-patriotism, militarism, and Anti-Semitism 
make 
a powerful combination; they are the cause of 
much 
mischief and suffering. And, seeing the false 
gods 
that mankind worships, it is not surprising that in the 
twentieth century there should still be nations which 
allow their spurious patriots to disgrace them by anti- 
semitism in the form of pogroms. At the present 
time their number seems to have been reduced to one. 
In America we find a similar exhibition of hatred and 
brutality. We read of attacks by the strong on the 



38 PATRIOTISM. 



weak; of might being right; of civilised whites 
butchering their coloured countrymen without mercy. 

Motives, similar to those that had influenced Dreyfus' 
enemies, i.e., that the country's good name should 
not suffer, were at work in this country during an 
inquiry held in regard to a raid made by an armed 
force into a friendly neighbouring country at the 
instigation or with the connivance of certain eminent 
persons interested in diamond and gold mines. The 
consequence was that the truth was not brought to light 
regarding certain transactions which, though under- 
taken for England's sake, did not redound to her 
credit. 

In Germany, Maximilian Harden was patriotic 
enough to risk the Emperor'is displeasure. He brought 
to light a scandal of a different kind. 

Ego-patriots are indeed difficult to deal with. What 
Shelley said of love and jealousy is equally true of 
patriotism and ego-patriotism: "Love is not akin to 
jealousy ; love does not seek its own pleasure, but the 
happiness of another. Jealousy is gross selfishness; 
it looks upon everyone who approaches as an enemy ; 
it's the idolatry of self, and, like canine madness, 
incurable." 

Let us, however, hope that the latter is not true 
with regard to ego-patriotism. 



CHAPTER VI. 
LOYALTY TO KING AND CHURCH. 

MANY a man is proud of being English, 
French, Italian, or German, or whatever 
other nation he may belong to, without 
having achieved anything to make his 
countrymen proud of his being a fellow-countryman 
of theirs. 

You meet Spaniards who are proud of being Spanish, 
of the mere fact of having been born in Spain; 
Englishmen proud of being English, of the fact of 
having been born in England ; Americans who have the 
same pride; Germans, Italians, French; in fact, it 
would be difficult to find a country the majority of 
whose inhabitants do not manifest pride at having 
been born in that particular country. 

The question arises whether this form of patriotism 
is a natural emotion ; that is to say an innate sentiment 
or feeling, or whether it is a fostered feeling. Would 
it manifest itself if it were not cultivated by the 
parents, at school, and by the daily surroundings ? A 
mother's love for her child requires no cultivation. It 
is there. If the mother were not forced by some 
instinct to protect her offspring there would be no 
progress, no preservation of the race, no evolution. 
We find patriotism among the ancients. The Greeks 
and Romans have died for their country; but it is 
doubtful whether, when one Greek was ready to lay 
down his life for Sparta and another for Athens ;^ when 
the Americans counted no sacrifice too great m the 
defence of their rights, and the opposing English 
soldier was prepared to meet death in fighting for the 
pretensions of his King and country ; when the citizen^ 
of the Italian republics risked their all in those 
fratricidal struggles that make up so large a part of 
the history of Italy during the middle ages, being 
often caused by feuds amongst the factions of one 
city; it is doubtful, we say, in view of those and 
many other conflicts of a similar nature, whether 



40 PATRIOTISM. 



patriotism is an unconscious inward impulse ; whether 
it can be classed as being one of those fundamental 
laws of nature, which have had such a compelling 
influence on the development of the animal kingdom 
from the time when the first amoeba felt lonely and 
decided to divide itself into two parts, to the present 
moment when that marvellous product, the human 
brain, is employed in thousands of diverging lines to 
hasten the rate of progress ; and when that still greater 
mystery, the human soul, which, as Darwin, Stanley 
Hall, J. A. Thompson and P. Geddes teach us "is no 
whit less the offspring of animals than man's body, 
our psychic powers being new dispensations of theirs 
and the ascending series of graduations no more 
broken for the psyche 1 than for the soma a " when that 
still greater mystery, the human soul, is striving for 
the betterment of mankind; the prevalence of a com- 
passionate spirit; the ^substitution of kindliness and 
love for the rule of selfishness and force. 

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